Students brainstorm ideas for writing, referring to their portfolios, journals, or teacher-provided prompts. Getting students to talk is the name of the game for many ESL teachers. 10 Awesome Activities to Improve Intermediate ESL Students’ Listening. Key strategies that can be taught in the listening classroom include selective listening, listening for different purposes, predicting, visualising, and inferencing. Firstly, there is the act of copying a list of words learned in a lesson, or of unfamiliar words for which to find meanings. Allow students to use their native language with peers for a quick brainstorm about what they know about a topic before presenting their ideas to the whole class. Rather than isolating sounds, students need interaction and practice so that they can make themselves understood. Stephen Krashen referred to this time as “the silent period.” Also known as pre-production, this silent period might last anywhere from several weeks to a year. Integrated 50/50 ESL Classrooms: Similar to the dual-immersion model’s emphasis on classrooms evenly split between use of home languages and English, the integrated ESL model contains 50 percent native English speakers and 50 percent ELLs, who might have a variety of home languages and varying levels of literacy in them. Listen to Comprehend: The instructor reads aloud a text containing a repeated grammatical structure, and students listen for it. How can we help our students get to where they need to be if we don’t meet them where they are in the beginning? Teaching English Language Learners What the Research Does and Does Not Say. So hold onto your seat belts, it’s time to make English listening practice awesome! This helps you to pick out individual words and sentences more easily. Direct vocabulary instruction has its place – particularly when students must master grade-level content – but authentic instruction is more meaningful to students. In order to develop good listening skills it is important to help tune your ear into the sounds of the English language. Listening is one of the four core skills of language acquisition along with reading, writing, and speaking. The stories we tell take on new meaning when we tell them in our own voices. Language development is most profound when instruction combines the skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Here are 10 teaching strategies to help students listen today. The Clark County School District English Language Learner Program website outlines the typical configurations of ELL classrooms in public schools in the United States: In 1979, language acquisition theorist and professor Dr. Jim Cummins developed the terms BICS and CALP. Another possibility is to collect some money for each time you use your own language with a friend. Adapted from English Language Arts Units for 9-12 by Christopher Shamburg with contributions from Paul Amato. To train your listening skills, it is important to listen actively, which means to actively pay attention to what you are listening to. 3. This process can happen as a whole group, in small groups with each group responsible for a section, or in two-member groups with partners. Students practice receptive, written, and oral language skills in this simple series of lessons. Students who have Limited English Proficiency (LEP) and score greater than one on the screener may receive English support from an ESL-certified teacher within the regular education classroom following the co-teaching model. Teacher-made tests that integrate skills from lessons are a common assessment method. Though these students do not learn differently than their native-English-speaking peers, they do have particular educational needs. Some evidence-based speaking and listening instructional routines have been useful for students during content area instruction in the past: Readers' Theatre in which students practice reading and rereading a script, either one that was prepared for them or one they developed collaboratively, based on an informational text they have studied (e.g., Young & Rasinski, 2009). First, the class reads a story, utilizing whatever comprehension techniques are necessary to master the content. English language learners are no different, but have even greater needs for scaffolding than most first language English-speakers. Developing reading fluency is about the students increasing their reading speed and their smoothness of delivery. Teaching grammar without practicing or using it in context is too abstract a method for ELLs. In revising, beginning writers can focus on smaller issues, such as writing complete sentences, varying sentence structure, or organizing ideas into paragraphs. Encourage students to describe, summarize, define, contrast, and compare by modeling. This entails ELLs developing enough fluency in English to comprehend what is being said so that they can respond. Provide reading, speaking, listening, and writing activities and opportunities in which students can share their hobbies and interests. 9 Ways a Study Abroad Program Can Help You Become a Better ESL Teacher, ESL Teacher’s Guide to the Hotly Debated Issue of Immigration. in Urban Education, ESL Program Specialist, Remote Teaching Strategies for Students with ADHD, Teaching Emotional Regulation to Students, Holiday Books for Kids That Promote Inclusivity and Understanding, How to Engage Young Learners in Reading on Virtual Platforms. Follow Serena on, Using the Common Core Standards in ESL Teaching, Best Practices for Teaching ESL: Speaking, Reading, and Writing, Professional Organizations for ESL Teachers, Online MS in English Language Learning and Teaching, Online Master of Arts in Teaching English as a Second Language, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, Concentration in TESOL, Online MS in Education in Curriculum and Instruction, Clark County School District English Language Learner Program, Current Issues in the Teaching of Grammar: An SLA Perspective, Helping ESL Students Become Better Readers: Schema Theory Applications and Limitations, ESL Teaching Strategies: Improving Vocabulary Improves Reading Fluency, The Impact of Readers Theater (RT) in the EFL Classroom, Assessing English Language Proficiency: Using Valid Results to Optimize Instruction. No single technique or approach works for every student, but ELLs tend to succeed when they are invested in the process and motivated to participate. Finally, the student alone reads the text aloud and also tracks the print. Teachers of science, social studies, math, and other subjects need to ensure that their instruction includes explicit vocabulary instruction so that students can comprehend reading and writing within their curricular content. When you don't look at me, I feel like you are mad. Serena Makofsky is a bilingual educator and curriculum designer with over a decade of experience. 1. No amount of repeated reading will illuminate the meaning of unfamiliar words. Beginning ELLs might add pictures, color-coding or other cues to remind them of the meaning of vocabulary words. It also helps students find a way to structure and outline concepts. Many times we are formulating what we want to say next while trying to listen to what our students are trying to say. Conversation clubs– this similar venue to conversation classes during which learners can practice speaking through oral practice offering opinions and comments on controversial topics. Modeling correct sentence structure and grammar gives students ample opportunity to hear and rehearse the target language. In Hayriye Kayi’s “Teaching Speaking: Activities to Promote Speaking in a Second Language,” from the Internet TESL Journal, the author states that interaction, even at this beginning level, is the key to learning. Students might read structured dialogues or practice short phrases or sentences repeatedly for fluency. Receive the latest in education news and lesson plans via email. They must gain fluency in English while also learning grade-level content in several academic areas. In “Assessing English Language Proficiency: Using Valid Results to Optimize Instruction,” the authors point out that the notion of English proficiency is an abstract one. During this time, instructors must immerse their students in diverse language experiences and provide many cues to support comprehension. In “The Impact of Readers Theater (RT) in the EFL Classroom,” Ng Chin Leong Patrick notes that this type of group storytelling gives ELLs practice with vocabulary, grammatical structure, pronunciation, and reading fluency. Several stages follow: It is important to note that, while the text selected for repeated reading should be stimulating and challenging, it should not include more than five words that are unfamiliar. They will make progress when lessons are interesting and varied, and when students are encouraged to learn more about each other and the world through the medium of a new language. For this reason, teachers of ELLs should devote extra time and materials to building students’ schemas. In addition, veteran educator Dr. Monica Bomengen, in her article “ESL Teaching Strategies: Improving Vocabulary Improves Reading Fluency,” highlights the importance of using images, realia, diagrams, and graphic organizers to build background vocabulary. When a question is posed in English, students need time to translate the question into their first language, process their thinking into a response, translate their response back to English, and then state their answer aloud. In the classroom, however, certain configurations prevail, and certain methods qualify as best practices for ESL teachers. During the final presentation, students hold their scripts and read their lines to the rest of the class. While we should be listening intently to every word, it can be quite obvious that our thoughts are elsewhere. Listening and speaking strategies video; then have students watch speaking and listening strategies to and demonstrated a basic understanding of the hundreds of stories and conversations for esl learners to practice listening and speaking. For example, the English language is packed with idioms – where the actual meanings of individual words do not add up to the meaning of the words collectively. Perhaps you can begin with a short two-minute conversation in English. General program models for teaching English language learners (ELLs) include content-based integrated, content-based self-contained, and dual-immersion approaches, leading to a variety of classroom configurations. Students typically have two teachers, who complement each other’s instruction without repeating content. A lesson involving the writing of a narrative might include a focus on how to write in the past tense or how to create and punctuate dialogue. The student reads the text and times how long it takes. Both read the text aloud together, while the teacher tracks the print. Rather than single out which student made what error, ESL instructors model and reinforce correct usage. Kate Dobson, writing in TESOL Connections, points out that accent reduction is a separate issue from pronunciation. More elaborate versions can feature sound effects, costumes, or other theatrical elements. This is available for purchase at the ESL Pre-Service training, or to borrow from a staff member. High school principal; M.A. Just as ELLs read for multiple purposes, they also write for multiple purposes. These terms refer to Basic Interpersonal Communicative Skills and Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency. English learners acquire vocabulary words and language skills not only in English class, but all academic subjects. (e5 instructional model, deecd, 2009) students within each class present. Those students are then eligible for ESL (English as a Second Language) or English Language Acquisition (ELA) instruction. Listening Strategies for English Language Learner Comprehension, a Teacher Resource Guide Ana Marie Ruiz McLafferty Hamline University, aruiz01@hamline.edu Follow this and additional works at:https://digitalcommons.hamline.edu/hse_all Part of theEducation Commons This Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by the School of Education at DigitalCommons@Hamline. Tutors and instructors can use a variety of instructional strategies to teach beginners without using students’ native languages. You seem like you want to run away because you keep moving around. Print and cut out our Goal Labels – Speaking and Listening for targeted feedback during your marking!. Multi-modal learning helps students deepen their understanding of topics. Reactionary Listening Reactionary listening involves having the students listen to an utterance and repeat back to you as the teacher. This issue has been discussed extensively by linguist Stephen Krashen, who opines, “Acquisition requires meaningful interaction in the target language – natural communication – in which speakers are concerned not with the form of their utterances but with the messages they are conveying and understanding.”. Integrated Group Classrooms: When schools have only a small number of ELLs, or if the number fluctuates from year to year, administrators sometimes integrate students into the general classroom. The writing process has many forms and permutations. In order to understand text in science, math, and social studies, vocabulary instruction in these subjects is imperative. Many instructors complement these types of tests with forms of authentic assessment, such as creating student portfolios. Dual-Language Programs: The dual-immersion model has broader goals than simply helping students master English skills while learning core content. Scaffolding can even the playing field for those who bring different background knowledge to the classroom. Thus, it is indispensable to organize many listening activities for ESL students in the classroom. They use the examples to determine the grammar rule that applies to them. An assignment to compose a brief nonfiction piece can incorporate academic terms and structures. Some best practices for building listening and speaking vocabulary include: The most powerful tool ESL teachers have for teaching correct grammar during speaking activities is their own English fluency. “Repeated Reading Works,” published in Language Magazine, describes this process with a few variations. Maybe you could ask a question instead … Vocabulary instruction is key for reading and writing comprehension. Websites like ESL Games World and ESL Games Plus can be used within instructional time or at home if students have internet access. Teaching vocabulary specific to the text also builds students’ schemas. Rod Ellis, author of “Current Issues in the Teaching of Grammar: An SLA Perspective,” describes in other articles an approach to teaching grammar in the context of reading by taking students through several levels: ELLs must first have speaking fluency before they can have reading fluency. choose writing themes with vocabulary and concepts that reflect their students’ diverse backgrounds, give students the opportunity to copy a genre they have read, use teacher-made and student-made word banks for their writing, doing short interviews with students and jotting down their responses, listening to students read aloud and noting their reading speed or common errors, using rubrics for longer papers or projects. In the United States, English-only ELD programs are much more prevalent. However, ESL teachers must use specific strategies to build reading comprehension. Standards: This strategy has the potential to address all the Standards for Speaking and Listening and for Writing. I Want to Teach ESL, Should I Learn a Foreign Language? The teacher reads the text aloud, while the student follows along, tracking the print with a finger. These strategies should not be separated from the content teaching but woven into the ongoing fabric of the lesson. There are also printable board games available for both free and for a small cost on TeachersPayTeachers. I’ve personally used these as a reward when students finished their work early. Keep in mind that answering questions aloud in English many times is a huge risk for students, as they are nervous about saying something wrong and often being made fun of. 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